Which hormones affect your appetite
These little things make us fall in love with wrong person, yell at our boss and, worst of all, prevent lose weight. But we will find ways to reprove them. The main thing – to find out which hormones affect hunger. And control them.
Where it lives: gastric mucosa
How it works: It increases our appetite: ghrelin concentration is highest before a meal, after a hearty lunch – naturally decreases. In this logical chain one weak point is observed: weight loss always results in an increase in hormone levels, making us eat more often. While we are gaining weight, ghrelin concentration decreases.
What to do: As soon as the stomach is filled, the body sends a signal to stop ghrelin synthesis until the next hunger attack. Use it – choose large but low-calorie foods, such as soup, salad, popcorn. And sleep enough: even insignificant disorders instead of 8 hour sleep cause the body to produce more ghrelin.
Where it lives: adipose tissue
How it works: When you say: “I cannot eat anymore” – it leptin says. Working with ghrelin, it regulates appetite, for what it is valuable. But being in fat cells, this clever hormone decreases as soon as you losing weight, reducing your ability to stop in time.
What to do: Stay away from diets and any other methods promising quick weight loss. And make sure you consume enough zinc: this element deficiency complicates the synthesis of leptin.
Where it lives: adrenal glands
How it works: Cortisol is released into the blood in response to any stress, providing a fast reaction and energy splash. When danger has passed, it increases an appetite to restore spent resources and to accumulate for new stress situations. The nervous life results in fat deposit, especially around the waist.
What to do: Less caffeine – it stimulates cortisol synthesis. More laughter – according to the Loma Linda University, the stress hormone is reduced by 39% even when just smiling.
Where it lives: The ovaries and adrenal glands
How it works: Everyone knows this beast as an assistant in building of a muscular body and responsible for libido. However, testosterone levels begins a steady decline about 1 percent per year after 20 years of age leading to age-related weight gain.
What to do: Stimulate hormone production by regular 30-minute exercises. Think about your love for sweets: clinical studies confirm that excess sugar in the diet is able to \neatively affect the gene responsible for testosterone production.
Where it lives: ovaries, adrenal cortex
How it works: This is a female hormone responsible for typical female reaction throughout a menstrual cycle. During ovulation, estrogen is sufficiently high in the body, and the appetite is low. But in period it increases too much.
What to do: Eat enough fiber – it stabilizes estrogen in the body. Best sources – bran, legumes, green vegetables. Add wheat bran to meat loaf or sprinkle some in yogurt for breakfast.