How to lose weight in diabetes mellitus

diabetes mellitus

People with diabetes mellitus must watch their weight. It is established that body weight directly affects the course of this disease. In addition, this disease can contribute to weight gain, exacerbating the person’s condition.

Excess weight in diabetes mellitus

Diabetes occurs in people, most of whom are overweight and continue to gain it. Generally, these patients do not have enough physical activity. However, if they manage to normalize their diet and add physical exercise to their lives, then the body’s ability to produce the necessary amount of insulin is significantly increased.

In some cases, this helps to control blood sugar level. Weight loss and exercise help obese people predisposed to diabetes to reduce the risk of developing this disease.

Type 2 diabetes: how to lose weight

Weight loss is a general recommendation for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Excess weight in these patients prevents the body to produce insulin in the necessary amount. Its level can be stabilized after weight reduction.

Those who have been diagnosed with this disease should act quickly to lose weight. Such people can contact a nutritionist. He will help to create an individual plan including healthy eating, physical activity and realistic goals.

The basic rules for weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes:

  • increase physical activity;
  • take measures to protect the heart;
  • constantly control blood sugar level.

Such people find it difficult to lose weight, but it is worth this. Make changes in your diet. To reduce the total number of calories consumed per day, decrease servings and the number of snacks. Use recipes for cooking dishes with a small amount of fat. Control your consumption of carbohydrates.

Aerobic exercise such as walking, running, swimming and cycling has a positive effect on the blood sugar level of people with diabetes. Do not lift weights and do not use exercises that include power load. This can aggravate manifestations of this disease – exacerbation of vision problems.

Weight loss can help reduce the body insulin dependence. But if you cannot fully control your blood sugar level, this does not mean that you must give up. Weight reduction and maintaining it at the required level is the right choice.

Aerobic exercise

Nutrition in diabetes mellitus

If diabetes is diagnosed at an early stage, then the prognosis is usually very good. However, every person with such disease can help himself and relieve his condition. In addition to physical loads, you must always control your diet. Herewith, proper nutrition does not mean a strict diet. There is no need to completely refuse any food. A balanced diet, used for healthy people, is suitable for such patients.

In order not to reduce working capacity, consume a sufficient number of calories. It is better to eat 5 or 6 times per day by small servings. This will reduce fluctuations in blood sugar level throughout the day.

It is proved that diets low in fat in combination with a large number of fruits and vegetables should be used in diabetes. It is necessary to avoid those foods that contain carbohydrates. They are easily digested and raise blood sugar level. It is better to use fructose or sweeteners.

Stick to a diet high in fiber, complex carbohydrates and the maximum amount of plant proteins. Products that help reduce blood sugar level: berries, egg yolks, fish, garlic, and soy. Avoid red meat and fried foods. Prefer fish and poultry meat without skin. Make sure to include garlic, onion, cabbage, spinach, parsley, celery, mushrooms, radishes, cucumbers and other fresh vegetables in your diet.


Use vinegar, mustard, lemon, greens and olive oil as salad dressing. Food should consist of three main meals and two snacks. Use of small portions will help to avoid stress for the pancreas.

Do not to eat refined foods, confectionery, fruit juices, sweets, white bread, cakes, cookies, chocolate, sugar, alcohol, etc. Consume blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries. They help protect the eyes and kidneys from diabetes consequences. Drink plenty of pure water, at least 8 glasses daily. Refuse from soda.